This rapid review, commissioned by DFID, was produced in May 2013 to inform the shape of a potential research programme on education systems
This rapid review aims to examine:
- The conceptual frameworks underpinning education systems research in low and
middle income countries (LMICS) and to what extent these are clearly articulated and
- The extent and nature of education systems research in LMICs, its key findings and
The review methodology is outlined in section 2. The results of the review follow in section 3. Finally, in section 4, the results and quality of the body of evidence are discussed and
conclusions are drawn. These include:
- A wide range of conceptual frameworks were identified regarding education systems
in low and middle income countries but these were not accepted widely or used
extensively as a basis for research.
- Many of the conceptual frameworks were proposed in policy discussion papers or
developed as implementation tools rather than being primarily intended as research
- Overall, a small number of high quality studies were identified in the field of education systems research but the majority of studies identified through this rapid review were of moderate or low quality.
- It could be argued that there is a need for more agreement regarding the conceptual
frameworks which should underpin education systems research to enable more direct
comparison between research studies and the development of a strong evidence